The article presents the results of experimental research aimed to form an entrepreneurial culture of adolescents from low-income families. The theoretical-methodological aspects of purposeful influence on their economic socialization process, characteristic for economically deprived families, are substantiated. Two predominant vectors, which could guide adolescents’ socialization in the modern family, are shown: the culture of entrepreneurship and the culture of poverty. Each of them includes a set of personal traits, values, activities, motivations, knowledge and skills, attitudes etc. The idea laying at the heart of the developed, tested and described here program “Forming entrepreneurship at adolescents” is that a leading psychological mechanism of children’s socialization is interiorization of the poverty culture, practiced at low-income families. Consequently, great re-socialization efforts are required to form and further develop the particular economic culture that help adolescents from low-income families participate successfully in consumer, labor, or financial relations, which are the base of the entrepreneurship culture. This process is complicated by coexistence of both value systems (poverty and entrepreneurship) in the economic culture of modern Ukrainian families. Thus, adolescents’ socio-economic views are confused and they have difficulties in socio-economic adaptation, experience a dissonance and, even, conflicts between the affective-value, cognitive, behavioral and moral components of their economic self-consciousness, self-awareness. The structured, systematic, purposeful socio-psychological support for development of their economic culture can help overcome many of adolescents’ intrapersonal and socio-psychological problems in the future. Therefore, the article presents the methodology, structure and empirical results of the purposeful formation of the entrepreneurship at adolescents who are potential carriers of the poverty culture. We proved the effectiveness of the proposed social-psychological training of entrepreneurship for adolescents from low-income families. Active educative methods, one of which is social-psychological training, are shown to be the most relevant for adolescents because of their age-specific characteristics, needs, and internal aspirations.
Aver'yanova G. M., Dembicka N. M., Moskalenko V. V. (2005). Osoblivosti socializaciyi molodi v umovah transformaciyi suspilstva: monografiya [Features of the socialization of youth in a transformation of society: a monograph]. Kiyiv: «PPP» [in Ukrainian].
Byelavina T. I., Vasyutinskij V. O., Vinkov V. Yu. (2016). Socialna psihologiya bidnosti: monografiya [The Social Psychology of Poverty: a monograph]. Kiyiv: Milenium [in Ukrainian].
Vasyutinskij V. O. (2013) Pitalnik "Psihologichne tyazhinnya do bidnosti”: metodologichne obgruntuvannya, procedura rozrobki, zmist [Questionnaire "Psychological desire for poverty": methodological justification, processing procedure, content]. Scientific Studios in Social and Political Psychology (Vols. 32), (pp. 54-62). Kiyiv: Milenium [in Ukrainian].
Dembytska N.M. Modifikaciya testu zagalnoyi shilnosti do pidpriyemnictva dlya shkolyariv (2019) [Modification of the test of general propensity for entrepreneurship for students]. Psihologichnij chasopis : zbirnik naukovih prac. S.D. Maksimenkо (Ed.). Kiyiv: Institut psihologiyi imeni G. S. Kostyuka Nacionalnoyi akademiyi pedagogichnih nauk Ukrayini, (Vols. 11(5)), (pp. 133-147). [in Ukrainian].
Dembytska N.M., Zubiashvili I.K., Lavrenko O.V., Melnichuk T.I. Socialno-psihologichne zabezpechennya ekonomichnoyi socializaciyi molodi: monografiya (2018) [Socio-psychological support of the economic socialization of youth]. N.M. Dembytska (Ed.). Kyiv: Institut psihologiyi imeni G.S. Kostyuka Nacionalnoyi akademiyi pedagogichnih nauk Ukrayini (Vols.13), (pp. 96-110). [in Ukrainian].
Zhuravlev A. L. Otnoshenie lichnosti k dengam kak faktor ee orientacij na kulturnye cennosti: programma issledovaniya (2002) [The relation of personality to money as a factor in its orientation to cultural values]. Sovremennaya psihologiya: Sostoyanie i perspektivy issledovanij : Chast 2 : Obshaya i socialnaya psihologiya, psihologiya lichnosti i psihofiziologiya, ekonomicheskaya, organizacionnaya i politicheskaya psihologiya : materialy yubilejnoj nauchnoj konferencii. A.L.Zhuravlev (Ed.). Moscow: Institut psihologii RAN. [in Russian].
Melnichuk T. I. Simejne vihovannya yak odin iz chinnikiv ekonomichnoyi socializaciyi ditej starshogo doshkilnogo viku (2017Psihologichnij chasopis: zbirnik naukovih prac. S. D. Maksimenkо (Ed.). Kiyiv: Institutu psihologiyi imeni G.S. Kostyuka Nacionalnoyi akademiyi pedagogichnih nauk Ukrayini (Vols.3(7)), (pp. 120-131). [in Ukrainian].
Novosyadla O.M. Doslidzhennya ekonomichnoyi socializaciyi shkolyariv z malozabezpechenih simej (2019) ) [The study of economic socialization of students from low-income families]. Psihologichnij chasopis: zbirnik naukovih prac. S.D. Maksimenkо (Ed.)..Kiyiv: Institut psihologiyi imeni G. S. Kostyuka Nacionalnoyi akademiyi pedagogichnih nauk Ukrayini (№ 5 (11) [in Ukrainian].
Andrews Rodney J., Imberman Scott A., Lovenheim Michael F. Recruiting and supporting low-income, high-achieving students at flagship universities. (2019) Economics of Education Review., 101923, In Press - https://doi.org/10.1016/j.econedurev.2019.101923 [in English]
Bacigalupo, M., Kampylis, P., Punie, Y., Van den Brande, G. EntreComp: The Entrepreneurship Competence Framework. (2016). Luxembourg: Publication Office of the European Union - https://ec.europa.eu/jrc/entrecomp [in English]
Dembytska N.M. Signs of privacy in metaphorical models of pupils’ personal property / N.M.Dembytska // Fundamental and applied researches in practice of leading scientific schools. – Issue: 2(8) / Ed. by S. Maksymenko, V. Lunov, R. Iserman. – Publishing office: Accent Graphics Communications. – Hamilton, ON, 2015. – PP. 45 – 55. [in English]
Domański H. Ubóstwo w społeczeństwach postkomunistycznych (2002) Warszawa: Instytut Spraw Publicznych – www.cebi.pl/texty/maj03.doc [in Polish]
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/