RESEARCH ON ECONOMIC SOCIALIZATION OF PUPILS FROM LOW-INCOME FAMILIES
Olena Novosiadla
H.S.Kostiuk Institute of psychology, National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5826-3354
PDF 220-235 (Українська)

Keywords

socialization
economic socialization
entrepreneurial culture
low income
entrepreneurial personality type
poverty aspiration

How to Cite

Novosiadla, O. (2019). RESEARCH ON ECONOMIC SOCIALIZATION OF PUPILS FROM LOW-INCOME FAMILIES. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 5(12), 220-235. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2019.5.12.15

Abstract

The article presents the theoretical and empirical study on economic socialization characteristic for pupils from low-income families. The article describes both the theoretical approaches to the problem of low income and the empirical methods to study pupils' economic socialization. The scientific achievements made by researchers in many fields of knowledge and related to the problem of economic socialization are analyzed.

Particular attention is paid to subjectivity, adaptation and sovereignty of personal psychological area as psychological sources for pupils’ effective economic socialization.

The concepts of “culture of poverty” and “culture of an entrepreneurial person” are revealed. They are identified as key phenomena, which are studied theoretically and empirically in the context of pupils’ economic socialization. They are two vectors, according to which a child’s socialization in the modern family can be directed. Each of these concepts includes a set of personal traits, values, activities, motivations, knowledge, skills and attitudes. The idea is substantiated that the leading psychological mechanism of pupils’ socialization process is the internalization of the culture of poverty practiced since childhood in their families. Consequently, great re-socialization efforts are required to form and further develop an entrepreneurial culture of children from low-income families. This goal achievement is additionally complicated as the both types of economic culture (poverty and entrepreneurship) coexist and are practiced more or less in the modern Ukrainian families. So, this article presented the empirical study aimed at detailed elaboration of these phenomena and confirming the basic assumptions about their manifestations.

 The article also presents the comparative analysis of the psychological factors influencing economic socialization of pupils from families with different economic and psychological statuses. The performed correlation analysis shows the existing correlations between pupils’ personal characteristics and indicators of their economic socialization. The differences between the economic socialization of pupils from middle- and high-income families and that of pupils from low-income families are empirically explained. The article proves that pupils from low-income families really inherit the parental model of “culture of poverty”, and children from middle and high income families tend to form an entrepreneurial personality and the appropriate model of economic socialization.

PDF 220-235 (Українська)

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