THE PROBLEM OF METHODOLOGY FOR HISTORICAL- PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH
Andrii Maslyuk
National School of Judges of Ukraine
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0530-9969
PDF 119-136 (Українська)

Keywords

analysis
text
interpretation
historical-psychological research
history of psychology

How to Cite

Maslyuk, A. (2019). THE PROBLEM OF METHODOLOGY FOR HISTORICAL- PSYCHOLOGICAL RESEARCH. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 5(12), 119-136. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2019.5.12.8

Abstract

The problem of the methodology for historical-psychological research is examined through the prism of the national philosophical and psychological science. The starting point of the methodology is the works of V. Romenets, Yu. Rozhdestvensky, V. Gorsky and others. Original texts contain a significant informational layer that must be skillfully highlighted and interpreted, taking into account their authors’ life and professional paths, the dynamics of the authors’ experience throughout life and the influence of the culturally-historical era on their psychological achievements.

The methods for historical and psychological research analysis are clarified: comparative-descriptive; historical and documentary; ontologically oriented ones and the peculiarities of their applications are disclosed.

V. Gorsky investigates the features of historical-philosophical (psychological) analysis of an author’s text through the prism of contextual, outside of contextual and situational analyses. The context can remove multiple meaning of a word, indicating its specific meaning, built-in by the text author. At the same time, a researcher, by examining a text, must bear in mind changes appeared in time concerning the meanings of used terms and not transfer the modern understanding of used concepts at analyses of texts belonging to the past centuries. It is still necessary to find out subtexts, remained unrevealed due to certain reasons. A researcher should understand a studied scientist’s style, which identifies the scientist and, at the same time, manifests specific historical conditions and shows the scientist’s way of mastering the culture; and these efforts contribute to adequate knowledge of the examined text, penetration into its spiritual core.

The article notes that the situational analysis has its own characteristics, which consist in a historian's understanding of psychology of all circumstances that shaped an examined scientist’s worldview and the peculiarities of the audience to which the scientist addresses his/her texts. When carrying out a situational analysis, a historian-psychologist must take into account the social-economic, political conditions influencing formation of an author’s opinion expressed in the examined text and be aware of the relation of this opinion with the contests between psychological ideological directions. The attention is focused on the mistakes that researchers can make by analyzing the text.

 

PDF 119-136 (Українська)

References

Bakhtyn, M. (1979). Эstetyka slovesnoho tvorchestva [Aesthetics of verbal creativity]. Moscow, Russia : Yskusstvo [in Russian].

Bilych, T. (1957). Svitohliad H. S. Skovorody[Svitoglyad G. S. Skovorody]. Kiev, Ukraine : Vyd-vo Kyiv. un-ta [in Ukrainian].

Vasyleva, Y. Y. (1985). O znachenyy ydei M. M. Bakhtyna o dyalohe y dyalohycheskykh otnoshenyiakh dlia psykholohyy obshchenyia [On the significance of the ideas of M. M. Bakhtin on dialogue and dialogical relations for the psychology of communication]. Moscow, Russia : Nauka [in Russian].

Veinreikh, U. (1970). O semantycheskoi strukture yazыka. V kn.: Novoe v lynhvystyke [On the semantic structure of language. - In the book: New in Linguistics]. Moscow, Russia : Prohress [in Russian].

Horskyi, V. S. (1981). Ystoryko-fylosofskoe ystolkovanye teksta [Historical and philosophical interpretation of the text]. Kiev, Ukraine : Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].

Danyliuk, I. V. (2003). Istoriia psykholohii v Ukraini: Zakhidni rehiony (ostannia chvert XIX - persha polovyna XX stolittia) [History of Psychology in Ukraine: Western Regions (the remaining part of the XIX - the first half of the XX century)]. Kiev, Ukraine : Lybid [in Ukrainian].

Yevchenko, I. N., Maslyuk, A. N. (2018). Istoriia psykholohii: filosofskyi period [History of Psychology: The Philosophical Period]. Kamianets-Podilskyi, Ukraine : Ruta [in Ukrainian].

Zenkovskyi, V. V. (1989). Istoriia rosiiskoi filosofii: V 2-kh t. [History of the Philosophical Philosophy: In 2 volumes]. Paris, France : YMCA-PRESS [in Russian].

Yvanov, V. V. (1973). Znachenye ydei M. M. Bakhtyna o znake, vыskazыvanyy y dyalohe dlia sovremennoi semyotyky [Meaning of the ideas of M. M. Bakhtin on the sign, expression and dialogue for modern semiotics]. Tartu, Russia : Uchen. zap. Tart. hos. un-ta [in Russian].

Kliuchevskyi, V. O. (1968). Pysma. Dnevnyky. Aforyzmы y mыsly ob ystoryy [Letters. Diaries Aphorisms and thoughts about history]. Moscow, Russia : Nauka [in Russian].

Krыmskyi, S. B. (1974). Nauchnoe zvanye y pryntsypы eho transformatsyy [Scientific rank and principles of its transformation]. Kiev, Ukraine : Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].

Kulchytskyi, O. (1949). Rysy kharakterolohii ukrainskoho narodu. Entsyklopediia Ukrainoznavstva I (zahalna chastyna) [Risy characterologії Ukrainian people. Encyclopedia of Ukrainian knowledge I (part of the world)]. Munich, New-York, USA : Molode Zhyttia [in Ukrainian].

Lettsev, V. (2014). Prezhde vseho, on yskal podlynnosty: Ocherk zhyznennoho y tvorcheskoho puty V.V. Zenkovskoho [First of all, he was looking for authenticity: Essay on the life and career of V.V. Zenkovsky]. Kiev, Ukraine : Dukh i litera [in Ukrainian].

Masliuk, A. M. (2018). Humanistychna paradyhma ukrainskoi psykholohii [Humanitarian paradigm of Ukrainian psychology]. Kiev, Ukraine : Instytut psykholohii imeni H. S. Kostiuka [in Ukrainian].

Masliuk, A. M. (2012). Istoryko-psykholohichna rekonstruktsiia osoblyvostei perezhyvannia liudynoiu dovhotryvaloi depryvatsii [Historical and Psychological Reconstruction of the Features of the Experience of People Finding Deprivation]. Kuievda, V. T., Lettsev, V. M., Lytovskyi V. F. ta in. Kirovohrad, Ukraine : Imeks-LTD [in Ukrainian].

Masliuk, A. M. (2017). Tvorchist Tarasa Shevchenka kriz pryzmu materialistychnykh pohliadiv H. Kostiuka ta psykhoanalitychnykh S. Baleia ta Ya. Yaremy [The creativity of Taras Shevchenko creeps into the prism of the material views of G. Kostyuk and the psychoanalysis S. Baleya and Y. Yaremi]. Kiev, Ukraine : Instytut obdarovanoi dytyny [in Ukrainian].

Mirchuk, I. (1942). Svitohliad ukrainskoho narodu. Sproba kharakterystyky [Worldview of the Ukrainian people. Attemp to fcharacteristics]. L. Biletskyi, Naukovyiz-birnyk Ukrainskoho Vilnoho Universytetu v Prazi (3, 225–243). Praha, CzechRepublic: UVU [in Ukrainian].

Popov, P. M. (1969). Hryhorii Skovoroda: Lit. Portret [Grigoriy Skovoroda: Let. portrait]. Kiev, Ukraine : Dnipro [in Ukrainian].

Rakytov, A. Y. (1977). Fylosofskye problemы nauky: Systemnыi podkhod [Philosophical problems of science: a systematic approach]. Moscow, Russia : Mыsl [in Russian].

Rozhdestvenskyi, Yu. T. (1994). Storinka iz istorii psykholohii u Kyivskii dukhovnii akademii (Troitskyi M.M., 1835-1899) [Storinka іst history psychology at the Kiev spiritual academy (Troitsky M.M., 1835-1899)]. Kiev, Ukraine : Instytut psykholohii imeni H. S. Kostiuka [in Ukrainian].

Romenets, V. A., Lysenko, V. P., Manokha, I. P., Rozhdestvenskyi, Yu.T. (1996). Konstruiuvannia metodolohichnoho prostoru istoryko-psykholohichnoho doslidzhennia [Designing the methodological space of historical psychological psychology]. Kiev, Ukraine : DOK-K [in Ukrainian].

Tabachnykov, I. A. (1956). Filosofski i suspilno-politychni pohliady H. S. Skovorody. V kn.: Z istorii suspilno-politychnoi ta filosofskoi dumky na Ukraini [Philosophy and suspension-political look G.S. Skovorodi. - In the book: З історії Suspension-Political and Philosophical Thoughts in Ukraine]. Kiev, Ukraine : AN URSR [in Ukrainian].

Chepelieva, N. V. (2015). Tekst i chytach [Text and reader]. Zhytomyr: , Ukraine : ZhDU im. I. Franka [in Ukrainian].

Shendryk, A. Y. (2002). Teoryia kulturы : ucheb. posobye dlia vuzov po dystsyplyne Kulturolohyia [Theory of culture: textbook. manual for universities in the discipline Cultural Studies]. Эrnashvyly, N. D. Moscow, Russia : YuNYTY, DANA, Edynstvo [in Russian].

Shynkaruk, V. I. (1972). Filosofiia Hryhoriia Skovorody [Philosophy Grigory Skovorodi]. Kiev, Ukraine : Naukova dumka [in Ukrainian].

Yaniv, V. (1996). Psykholohichni osnovy oktsydentalizmu [Psychological foundations of occidentalism]. Munich, Germany: UVU [in German].

Yarema, Y. (2003). Ukrainska pedahohichna dumka Halychyny v imenakh [Ukrainian pedagogical thought of Galichini in the names]. Yaremy, S., Hertsiuka, D. Lviv : Ukraine : VTs LNU imeni Ivana Franka [in Ukrainian].

Yaremchuk, O. V. (2012) Ystorycheskaia psykholohyia: ystoky y sovremennoe sostoianye [Historical psychology: the origins and current status]. Kovalia, Y. N., Podshyvalkynoi, V. Y. Odessa: Ukraine : Odesskyi natsyonalnыi unyversytet [in Ukrainian].

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright Notice

Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/