An article studies theoretically the latest psychodiagnostic models, the historical origins of individually-typological research and comparing stats of psychometric tests to find possibilities of integration of personology concepts concerning personality measurements.
The topic relevance is explained by the lack of decent attention to differential psychology in the Ukrainian scientific community. Another problem of individually-typological approach comes from the variety psychometric theories, so it is necessary to determine their conceptual and practical differences or similarities.
The article discusses the history of the key developmental stages of individual typological research, including psychophysiological, typological, personological concepts and psychometric measuring tests for a personality.
The most progressive psychodiagnostic concepts are reviewed, which are studied in this article scope: The Myers-Briggs typology and the MBTI questionnaire; The Big Five theory and the NEO-PI-R test; Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI); neurochemical model “Functional Ensemble of Temperament” (FET) (STQ-77); “Theory of Leading Tendencies”, ITO Test.
The conclusion show the possibility of mutual integration of psychometric models referred to the ideas revealed in V.S. Merlin's theory of integral individuality, by dividing personality diagnostics onto different research areas, such as “biological” (the concepts diagnosing a person’s innate characteristics) and “social-cultural” (the factor theories that studies a personality formed in ontogenesis).
Considering the prospects for further research, we indicate that the idea to integrate different personality research tendencies and approaches opens up wide opportunities for the further development of more advanced and detailed psychometric tests.
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