The programs of socio-psychological rehabilitation of youth with disabilities are being actively put into action at the country level. However, contrary to young people with congenital disabilities, young people with acquires damages of the musculoskeletal system are not used to the rehabilitation process and do not always take an active part in it. Typically, people take acquired damages of the musculoskeletal system heavily and experience complex personality transformations, so they need psychological help.
The results of the empirical study on the psychological mechanisms of social adaptation of youth with acquired damages of the musculoskeletal system and a corresponding model of the empirical study are presented in the article.
According to the study results concerning social adaptation, young people with past damages have difficulties in finding jobs and creating their own families. During adaptations to the physical dysfunctions, the phenomenon of hyperadaptation may occur, in other words, the predominance of overexertion for adaptation. High indicators of internal control were also identified that may be a consequence of the desire to control own thoughts, actions, etc., since a trauma is something uncontrollable, unplanned, and increased control protect against unexpected events.
The examined psychological mechanisms of social adaptation show that the developed successful adaptive strategies use equally behavioral, cognitive and motivational-willed mechanisms of social adaptation. Disadaptation is expressed by use of the emotionally-affective mechanism, evidenced by the experience of social frustration and indirect aggression.
According to the results of factorization for the data obtained at the empirical study, 4 factors were identified: aggressive-defense, competitive-inflammatory, cognitive-behavioral-adaptive and detached-disadptive. The dominance of adaptive indicators was determined for three from the four identified factors. In the first one, it is the communicative component and integral adaptation; the second one includes emotional-affective and motivational-willed components, and the third one include the cognitive and behavioral components of adaptation. And the weaker fourth factor incorporated the indicators of disdaptation. Also, it is worth noticing the absence of the Self-oriented factor, which, according to preliminary studies, was found in youth with typical development. It appears probable that acquired damages of the musculoskeletal system by youth cause restructuring of their Self-concept, in particular the appearance of physical Self, which takes some time for stabilization and needs social psychological support.
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