THE CHARACTERISTICS OF BODILY-SELF DEVELOPMENT AT PRIMARY SCHOOLCHILDREN IN THE CONTEXT OF FAMILY RELATIONS
Daria Turkova
H. S. Skovoroda Kharkiv National Pedagogical University
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3788-1185
156-167 (Українська)

Keywords

bodily-self
perception body image by a child
psychological distance with parents
psychosomatic competence
family sociogram

How to Cite

Turkova, D. (2019). THE CHARACTERISTICS OF BODILY-SELF DEVELOPMENT AT PRIMARY SCHOOLCHILDREN IN THE CONTEXT OF FAMILY RELATIONS. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 5(10), 156-167. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2019.5.10.11

Abstract

The article focuses on development of children’s bodily-self at the primary school age. The children’s bodily-self components are analyses in relation with their psychological distance to their parents. We used the following set of psychodiagnostic techniques: «The bodily-self verbalization», «Child's body image perception» and «Family sociogram». The central tendency, correlations and cluster analysis were used as the methods of statistical analysis.

Conceptually, our study is based on the psychosomatic phenomena of normal functioning as they were described in the works of T. B. Khomulenko. The bodily-self is a multidimensional phenomenon, caused by factors of the exogenous and endogenous origin. The components of bodily-self are: emotional-evaluative, cognitive, behavioural and worldview. We are convinced that bodily-self have manifested on the level of being, which in turn, can be conscious or unconscious. The links between the structural components of the bodily-self exist at the level of self-control, psychosomatic competence (internal dialogue), sanogenic thinking and coping mechanisms. The bodily-self is regarded as a component of self-concept (in line with social self, spiritual self, culture self, physically self) and is responsible for the cognitive and emotional support of bodily functioning; it ensures regulatory effects, implemented during an internal dialogue about the body with the bodily-self, with oneself.

There is no significant difference for children between psychological influence of their fathers and mothers, but father's body shape influences more strongly on the development of general index obtained with the used techniques set, and mothers influence more strongly on self-esteem of their children. If a father and a mother influence equally on their children's bodily-self development, the father is in the priority, this fact is characteristic also for adolescence. The relations between children and their bodily-self is quite strong, but due to age, children are not able to take care of themselves in full. Therefore, not all examined indicators are manifested to the same degree.

 

156-167 (Українська)

References

Teilor, K. (2002). Psikhologicheskie testy i uprazhneniia dlia detei (kniga dlia roditelei i vospitatelei) [Psychological tests and exercises for children (book for parents and caregivers)]. Moskva: Aprel Press. [in Russian]

Turkova, D., & Liasa, M. (2019). COGNITIVE AND EMOTIONAL ASPECTS OF FAMILY MEMBERS’ BODILY-SELF. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 5 (9), 118-130. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2019.5.9.8

Khomulenko, T. B. (2015). Psykhosomatyka: kulturno‒istorychnyi pidkhid [Psychosomatics: cultural-historical approach]. Kharkiv: «Disa plius». [in Ukrainian]

Khomulenko, T. B. (2017). Psykhotekhnolohii samorehuliatsii tilesnoho [The psychotechnologies of a bodily’s regulation]. Kharkiv: «Disa plius». [in Ukrainian]

Eidemiller, E. G., Dobriakov, I. V., Nikolskaia, I. M. (2006). Semeinyi diagnoz i semeinaia psikhoterapiia [Family diagnosis and family psychotherapy]. Sankt-Peterburg: Rech. [in Russian]

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