The problem of Ukrainian personalism is reflected in the work of V. Yaniva, who represents the psychology of the Ukrainian diaspora of the 20th century. The scientist comprehensively develops the issues of psychology of personality's oxidentalism. Based on an analysis of the European psyche, V. Yaniv identifies both positive and negative features inherent to the personality of the West. The European psyche manifests itself in a harmonious combination of emotional, volitional and cognitive spheres of personality, where the latter prevails over others. To the psyche of the West, V. Yaniv contrasts the psyche of the personality of the East, where passivity, reflection, and the advantage of emotions over reason are a priority. The scientist does not accidentally analyze the psyche of a European, but in order to clarify the role and place of the psyche of the Ukrainian personality and people, in particular, to Western or Eastern values. It has been established that the western vector of development prevails in the psyche of the Ukrainian people, while Eastern tendencies are also present. For a more visual understanding of the characteristics of the psychology of the Ukrainian people, the scientist made a comparative analysis with the Russian demos. Taking into account the anthropological study of F. Volkov, who proved that the Ukrainian and Russian peoples are different, V. Yaniv established differences on a psychological level. It was found that Ukrainians are much more dynamic than Russians; Ukrainians have a psychology of harmony and tolerance, which correlates with European values and is opposite to Russian; Ukrainians expressed individualism, independence, and the Russians collectivism, the subordination of power. V. Yaniv convincingly proves that the psyche of the Ukrainian people develops in line with Western values and is fundamentally different from the psyche of the Russian people, which is inherent in the values of the east.
Arkhangelsky, A. S. (1916). Vvedenye v ystoryiu russkoi lyteraturы. Yz lektsyi po ystoryy russkoi lyteraturы A. S. Arkhanhelskoho [Introduction to the history of Russian literature. From lectures on the history of Russian literature by A. S. Arkhangelsky]. (1. 697). Sankt-Peterburh, Russia : Samoobrazovanye [in Russian].
Berdyaev N. (2007). Predsmertnыe mыsly fausta [Death thoughts of faust]. Moscow, Russia: Astrel [in Russian].
Camus, A. (1997). Vybrani tvory. U 3-kh t [Vibrani create. In 3 tons]. Zhupanskyi, O. (Ese, 3, 623). Kharkiv, Ukraine : Folio [in Ukraine].
Karas, A. (2012). Filosofiia Artura Shopenhauera ta suchasnist [Philosophy of Arthur Schopenhauer and such]. Lviv, Ukraine : LNU imeni Ivana Franka [in Ukraine].
Keyserling, G. H. (1930). Amerika. Der Aufgang einer Neuen Welt [Amerika. Der Aufgang einer Neuen Welt.]. Stuttgart und Berlin, Germany: Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt [in Germany].
Nietzsche, F. (2005). Polnoe sobranye sochynenyi: V 13 tomakh [Complete Works: In 13 volumes]. (Chernovyky y nabrosky, 12, 556). Moscow, Russia: Kulturnaia revoliutsyia [in Russian].
Ogienko, I. (Metropolitan Іlarion). (2002). Ukrainske monashestvo [Ukrainian monasticism]. Kiev, Ukraine : Nasha kultura i nauka [in Ukraine].
Ogienko, І. (1991). Ukrainska kultura. Korotka istoriia kulturnoho zhyttia ukrainskoho narodu [Ukrainian culture. Short story of the cultural life of the Ukrainian people]. Kiev, Ukraine : Abrys [in Ukraine].
Ortega-i-Hasset, H. (2000). Yzbrannye trudы [Selected Works]. Rutkevycha, A. M., (2, 704). Moscow, Russia: Ves myr [in Russian].
Pakhomov, S.V. (2003). Kaitэn Nukaryia: dzэn-buddyzm kak fylosofyia zhyzny [Kaiten Nukaria: Zen Buddhism as a philosophy of life]. Nukaryia, K., Relyhyia samuraev (231-241). Sankt-Peterburh, Russia : Nauka [in Russian].
Shakhmatov, O. (1922). Narysy z istorii ukrainskoi movy ta khrestomatiia z pamiatnykiv pysmenskoi staro-ukrainshchyny XI–XVIII v. v. [Naris from the history of the Ukrainian movi and the textbook of the memorial of the written Old Ukrainian Ukrainian XI – XVIII centuries. at.]. Kiev, Ukraine : Drukar [in Ukraine].
Shubart ,V. (2000). Evropa y dusha Vostoka [Europe and the Soul of the East]. Moscow, Russia: Russkaia ydeia [in Russian].
Spengler, O. (2003). Zakat Evropы: V 2 t.[ The Decline of Europe: In 2 tons. ]. Makhankova, Y. Y. (1, 528). Moscow, Russia: Airyspress [in Russian].
Spengler, O. (2003). Zakat Evropы: V 2 t.[ The Decline of Europe: In 2 tons. ]. Makhankova, Y. Y. (2, 624). Moscow, Russia: Airyspress [in Russian].
Stolyarov, A. A. (2010). O hrade Bozhem [About the City of God]. Stёpyn, V. S. Novaia fylosofskaia эntsyklopedyia : v 4 t [Philosophical Encyclopedia: in 4 volumes] (2, 2816). Moscow, Russia: Mыsl [in Russian].
Vakulenko, O. L. (2018). Suchasni problemy ukrainskoi etnopsykholohii [Modern problems and Ukrainian ethnopsychology]. Kiev, Ukraine : Kyivskyi universytet [in Ukraine].
Vovk, X. K. (1995). Studii z ukrainskoi etnohrafii ta antropolohii [Studios from the Ukrainian ethnography and anthropology]. Kiev, Ukraine : Mystetstvo [in Ukraine].
Yaniv, V. (1996). Psykholohichni osnovy oktsydentalizmu [Psychological foundations of occidentalism]. Munich, Germany: UVU [in Germany].
Zhylenko, I. (2001). Paterik Kyєvo-Pecherskiy [Paterik Kyєvo-Pecherskiy]. Kolpakova, V. M., (2, 348). Kiev, Ukraine : KPL [in Ukraine].
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/