The article presents the theoretical analysis and the empirical study on effectiveness of developmental-adaptive psychological technologies used at universities in order to develop the professional adaptive potential of future psychologists. The professional adaptive potential includes ability to professional adaptation and a result of such adaptation. This potential is based on such qualitative psychological personal traits as absence of disappointments in the chosen profession, the desire for professional and personal growth, positive self-esteem of own professional capabilities, self-regulation of one’s own emotional states and behavior in difficult professional situations, when internal contradictions and interpersonal conflicts appears during professional work, a positive self-concept.
The main components of the concepts of professional adaptation or maladaptation are considered. It is important to consider professional adaptation within university training as a balance between a person and a professional environment. The concept of professional maladaptation is considered as the opposite to professional adaptation and is a violation of the dynamic balance between a person and his/her professional environment.
The article emphasizes the importance of the scientific study on the characteristic manifestations and development of future psychologists’ professional maladaptation and the methods for its prevention and overcoming with the help of a special psychological influence at university training. The success of future psychologists’ vocational training, professional and personal growth depends on this.
The content and the structure of the developmental-adaptive psychological program are described. This program determines the effective conditions for the positive dynamics of future specialists’ professional adaptive potential. The effectiveness of the proposed program has been proved empirically; the positive changes in the professional adaptive potential of the studied students-psychologists have been noted. Future psychologists’ professional maladjustment can be prevented or overcame through a system of psychological methods, techniques, tools at university training.
The prospect of further research is to study gender characteristics of the professional adaptive potential of university students-psychologists.
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