The article presents the results of the comparison of the variability of the psychosocial development of the personality in the adolescent, youth and adult age. At the first stage of the empirical study, the types of development in adolescence and youth age. Personality (motivation, value orientations, focus, communicative features), subject (autonomy, self-regulation, locus of control), as well as social and behavioural (distinctive features of social functioning) characteristics were used as typing criteria. The types of the psychosocial development of adolescents and youths are interpreted as constructive, non-constructive and destructive models of coming of age. At the second stage of the study the theoretical generalization of the types of personality existing in psychology and strategies of personality functioning during the period of adult age. The analysis is based on the theories of A. Adler, K. Horney, D. Marsh, E. Desci and R. Rayen, E. Fromm et al.
The types of the psychosocial development of adolescents and youths was compared with variants (types, patterns) of the development in adulthood. The dynamics and continuity of the types of the psychosocial development and strategies for functioning adolescents, youths and adults were determined. It was revealed that the main features of continuity can be found along the lines of constructive or non-constructive development, focus on oneself or other people, self-sufficiency or dependence on the milieu and circumstances. The process of typing of the psychosocial development is the result of the integration of traits of the personality and the way it functions (behaves), which is inherent to it. The factors of that process were identified: regulation by the personality of his/her behavior and activities and his/her position in the system of relationships. The type of the psychosocial development is a complex structural and functional unity. The crystallization of that type from the adolescent age to adulthood is a targeted and logical process associated with the emergence of the self-concept, the ability to self-determination and self-regulation mechanisms in the adolescent age. The article emphasizes the importance of prevention and correction of the preconditions of non-constructive development models.
Adler, A. (1993) Praktika i teorija individual'noj psihologii [The practice and theory of individual psychology]. Moscow: Pragma [in Russian].
Vygotskij, L. S. (1984) Sobranie sochinenij: V 6-ti t. T. 4. Detskaja psihologija [Collected Works: In 6 t. T. 4. Child Psychology]. Moscow: Pedagogika [in Russian].
Egorycheva, I. D. (1999) Lichnostnaja napravlennost' podrostka i metod ee diagnostiki [The personal orientation of the adolescent and the method of diagnosis]. Mir psihologii. The world of psychology, 1 (17), 264-277 [in Russian]
Kaprara, Dzh. & Servon, D. (2003) Psihologija lichnosti [Psychology of Personality]. St. Petersburg: Peter [in Russian].
Kapustin, S.A. (2014) Kriterii normalnoi i anomalnoi lichnosti v psikhoterapii i psikhologicheskom konsultirovanii [Criteria for normal and abnormal personality in psychotherapy and psychological counseling]. Moscow: Kogito-Tsentr [in Russian].
Titarenko, T. M. (2000) Nespromozhnіst' do zhittєvogo viboru: sproba osobistіsnoї tipologіzacії [Failure to make a living choice: an attempt to personalize typology]. Naukovі studії іz socіal'noї ta polіtichnoї psihologії: zbіrnik statej – Scientific Studies on Social and Political Psychology: a collection of articles, 2(5), 94-103 [in Ukrainian].
Fromm, Je. (1990) Imet' ili byt' [Have or to be]. Moscow: Progress [in Russian]
Harlamenkova, N. E. (2007) Samoutverzhdenie podrostka [Self-assertion of a teenager]. Moscow: RAS [in Russian].
Horni, K. (1995) Nashi vnutrennie konflikty. Konstruktivnaja teorija nevroza [Our internal conflicts. Constructive theory of neurosis]. Psihoanaliz i kul'tura : izbrannye trudy K. Horni i Je. Fromma. – Psychoanalysis and Culture: Selected Works by K. Horney and E. Fromm. Moscow: Jurist [in Russian].
Shamne, A.V. (2015) Kontynuum osobystisno-sub'jektnykh vlastyvostej jak chynnyk indyvidualizaciji psykhosocialjnogho rozvytku [Continuum of personality-subjective properties as a factor of individualization of psychosocial development]. Aktualjni problemy psykhologhiji: zbirnyk naukovykh prats Instytutu psykholohii imeni H.S. Kostiuka NAPN Ukrainy – Actual problems of psychology: collection of scientific works of G. S. Kostiuk Institute of Psychology, NAES of Ukraine, 10 (27), 633-645 [in Ukrainian].
Deci, E. L. & Ryan, R. M. (2000) The 'what' and 'why' of goal pursuits: human needs and the self–determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11 (4), 227-269 [in English].
Berzonsky, M. (1989) Identity style: conceptualization and measurement. Journal of Adolescent Research, 4, 267-281 [in English].
Loevinger, J. (1976) Ego development: Conceptions and theories. San Fracisco: Jossey-Bass [in English].
Magnusson, D. (1996) The logic and implications of a person approach. Reports from the Department of Psychology Stockholm Univ, 817, 1004-1034 [in English].
Marcia, J. E. (1966) Development and validation of ego-identity status. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 3(5), 551-558 [in English].
Shamne, A.V. (2017) A variable-typology picture of the psychosocial development in adolescence. Наука і освіта. Науково-практичний журнал Південного наукового центру НАПН України. Серія «Педагогіка і психологія» – Science and education. Scientific and practical journal of the Southern Scientific Center of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Series "Pedagogy and Psychology", 7, 83-87 [in English].
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/