INFLUENCE OF INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS ON THE SOCIAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ATMOSPHERE AT A STUDENT GROUP
Oksana Chaikovska
Ivan Ohiіenko National University in Kamianets-Podilskyi
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0799-4987
Liana Onufriieva
Ivan Ohiіenko National University in Kamianets-Podilskyi
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2442-4601
PDF 62-70 (Українська)

Keywords

social-psychological atmosphere
group atmosphere
interpersonal relations
students
student group

How to Cite

Chaikovska, O., & Onufriieva, L. (2019). INFLUENCE OF INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS ON THE SOCIAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL ATMOSPHERE AT A STUDENT GROUP. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 5(5), 45-61. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2019.5.5.4

Abstract

The article presents the results of theoretical and empirical analysis of the influence of interpersonal relationships on the social-psychological atmosphere at a student group.

The authors understand the group social-psychological atmosphere as a specific social-psychological phenomenon, formed at a group under influence of a complex system of relations between the group members and with the surrounding social environment at work and communications. This atmosphere is manifested on emotional, behavioural, cognitive, moral and ideological planes and affects activities of individuals and the group. The influence of interpersonal relationships on the socio-psychological atmosphere at a student group is investigated in the empirical study.

The performed empirical study shows that the prevailing type of communication in the two studied student groups is the authoritarian type of interpersonal relationships characterized by activity, aspiration to leadership; most of the active students want to be respected and love to give advices.

The group of the fourth academic-year students has mainly averagely favourable psychological microclimate, which means that the psychological environment in this group is good; students feel comfortable and cosy in the group. The psychological microclimate at the group of the third academic-year students is unfavourable, which indicates that the students in this group feel mostly uncomfortable, constrained and not cosy.

The correlations between the prevailing type of interpersonal relations in student groups and the social-psychological atmosphere in these groups have been empirically determined. The optimization of the social-psychological atmosphere in student groups can be facilitated by the following types of interpersonal relationships: friendliness and altruism. Subordination, suspicion and authoritarianism prevent formation of a favourable socio-psychological atmosphere.

The revealed influence of interpersonal relationships on the social-psychological atmosphere of the student groups indicates the need for further determination and improvement of the methods influencing the group social-psychological atmosphere.

 

PDF 62-70 (Українська)

References

Aronson, E., Wilson, T., & Eikergp R. (2002). Sotsialnaia psikhologiia [Social psychology]. Saint Petersburg : Prime-Euroznak [in Russian].

Boiko, V.V., Kovaliov, A.G., & Panfiorov, V.N. (2003). Sotsialno-psikhologicheskii klimat kollektiva i lichnost [Social and psychological climate of a collective and a personality]. Moscow : Mysl [in Russian].

Havryliuk, I. (2019). Empirychne doslidzhennia rivnia vyrazhennia suverennosti psykholohichnoho prostoru u studentiv [Empirical study of the level of expression of the sovereignty of the psychological space of students]. Problemy suchasnoi psycholohii – Problems of modern psychology: Collection of research papers of Kamianets-Podilskyi National Ivan Ohiienko University, G.S. Kostiuk Institute of Psychology of National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine, 44, 53–71. Kamianets-Podilskyi : Aksioma DOI 10.32626/2227-6246.2019-44.53-71 [in Ukrainian].

Drobyazko, Yu.I. (2012). Spivrobitnytstvo vykladacha i studenta v protsesi formuvannia komunikatyvnykh umin ta navychok [The cooperation between a teacher and a student in the process of forming communicative skills and abilities]. Suchasni metody vykladannia inozemnoi movy profesiinoho spriamuvannia u vyshchii shkoli – Modern methods of teaching a foreign language for specific purposes in a higher school : Proceedings of V International scientific and practical conference, (pp. 89-94). Kyiv : NTUU «KPI» [in Ukrainian].

Zavinychenko, N.B. (2003). Osoblyvosti rozvytku komunikatyvnoi kompetentnosti maibutnoho praktychnoho psykholoha systemy osvity [Features of developing a future practical psychologist’s communicative competence in the education system]. Candidate’s thesis. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].

Kramushka, L.M. (2003). Psykholohichne upravlinnia [Psychological management]. Kyiv : Millenium [in Ukrainian].

Korniyaka, O.M. (2011). Porivnialnyi analiz rozvytku komunikatyvnoi kompetentnosti fakhivtsia u period yoho pervynnoi i vtorynnoi profesionalizatsii [Comparative analysis of the development of a specialist’s communicative competence during the period of his primary and secondary professionalisation]. Problemy suchasnoi psykholohii – Problems of modern psychology: Collection of research papers of Kamianets-Podilskyi National Ivan Ohiienko University, G.S. Kostiuk Institute of Psychology of National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine, 11. 31–40. Kamianets-Podilskyi : Aksioma [in Ukrainian].

Koshyrets, V. V. (2014). Psykholohichni osoblyvosti formuvannia osobys­tisnoho prostoru studentskoi molodi [Psychological peculiarities of the formation of the personal space of student youth]. Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis. Ostroh [in Ukrainian].

Melnyk, L.P., & Chaikovska, O.M. (2017). Formuvannia prosotsialnoi povedinky v umovakh pozashkilnoho osvitnoho seredovyshcha [The formation of prosocial behavior in conditions of out-of-school educational environment]. Kamianets-Podilskyi : PP “Medobory-2006” [in Ukrainian].

Onufriieva, L.A. (2012). Psykholohichnyi aspect spilkuvannia v systemi mizhpersonalnoi i mizhhrupovoi vzaiemodii (na prykladi ovolodinnia inozemnoiu movoiu maibutnimy vypusknykamy VNZ) [The psychological aspect of communication in the system of interpersonal and inter-group interaction (as a sample of mastering a foreign language by future graduates of higher educational institutions)]. Problemy suchasnoi psycholohii – Problems of modern psychology: Collection of research papers of Kamianets-Podilskyi National Ivan Ohiienko University, G.S. Kostiuk Institute of Psychology of National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine, 18, 587–601. Kamianets-Podilskyi : Aksioma [in Ukrainian].

Parygin, B.D. (1981). Sotsialno-psikhologicheskii klimat kollektiva. Puti i metody izucheniia [Social and psychological climate of a collective. Ways and methods of studying]. Moscow : Nauka [in Russian].

Petrovskii, A.V. (1990). Sotsialnaia psikhologiia [Social psychology]. Moscow : Prosvieshcheniie [in Russian].

Serbin, Yu. (2018). Vplyv osobystisnoho adaptyvnoho potentsialu studentiv humanitariiv na protses yikhnoi adaptatsii do navchannia [Influence of personal adaptive potential of students of humanities on the process of their adaptation to studying]. Nauka i osvita – Science and education, 5-6, 19–25 [in Ukrainian].

Khertsberg, F. (2007). Motivatsiia k rabote [Motivation to work]. Moscow : Vershyna [in Russian].

Shakurov, R. Kh. (2004). Sotsialno-psikhologicheskiie problem rukovodstva pedagogicheskim kollektivom [Social and psychological problems of managing teaching staff]. Moscow [in Russian].

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright Notice

Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/