THE PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECT OF THE SYNDROME OF EARLY CHILDHOOD AUTISM
Olga Tsarkova
Bogdan Khmelnitsky Melitopol State Pedagogical University
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5061-6506
Olesia Prokofieva
Bogdan Khmelnitsky Melitopol State Pedagogical University
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6542-239X
Daria Anosova
Bogdan Khmelnitsky Melitopol State Pedagogical University
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4394-1148
PDF 67-80 (Українська)

Keywords

psychological support
early childhood autism
integration into the educational environment
autistic syndrome
psychological corrective work
preschool children with early childhood autism
pathology
behaviour

How to Cite

Tsarkova, O., Prokofieva, O., & Anosova, D. (2019). THE PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECT OF THE SYNDROME OF EARLY CHILDHOOD AUTISM. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 5(4), 67-80. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2019.5.4.5

Abstract

The article touches the actual issue of significant increase of this pathology in Ukraine and in the world, as well as the need to integrate children with the ECA into the educational environment at the early age. Current research suggests that there is an increasing number of children suffering from a severe developmental disorder - autistic syndrome. Therefore, in recent decades, scientific studies in defectology pay a lot of attention to such anomaly of mental development as early childhood autism. This problem is becoming more and more interested by psychiatrists (especially children ones), psychologists, and educators. Autism is a problem not only for children, but also for their families and society at all. This disorder is often called "hidden" because autistic problems often remain unrevealed. Moreover, at educational institutions, children with autistic tendencies need skilled psychological and pedagogical help, which consists in creating the emotional and psychological comfort environment, raising a sense of confidence and security, and introducing gradually and carefully new skills and behavioural patterns. Diagnosis of early childhood autism is based on the observation method.

Recently, more and more attention has been paid to studying and correcting various mental disorders of children. Quite a lot of literature appeared, including recommendations as for mental retardation, impaired learning and upbringing, behavioural and communicative deviations. But still, many more questions remain not fully understood.

For example, the problem of early childhood autism (ECA), when communicative disorders prevail in a child’s behaviour and have major influence on his/her anomalous development, while at other mental disorders, communicative problems are secondary or insignificantly small in comparison with the primary disorders: mental retardation, neurotic disorders, speech and hearing defects, and so on. Correction of early childhood autism is a rather difficult task. The syndrome of early childhood autism is associated with special violations of children’s mental development, which baffles their relatives. This problem is very poorly studied and many questions remain open still, which complicates the processes of education, upbringing and correction of such children. Many questions arise in families with such children. At the same time, parents, as a rule, emphasize that they do not consider their children mentally retarded.

 

PDF 67-80 (Українська)

References

Appe F. Vvedenie v psixologicheskuyu teoriyu autizma / Appe F. . – M.: Terevinf, 2006. – 216 s.

Arshatskaya O.S. Psixologіchna dopomoga ditinі rann`ogo vіku pri formuєt`sya dityachomu autizmі / O. S. Arshatskaya - Defektologіya, 2005. - № 2.- S. 46-67

Bashina V. M. Autizm v detstve / V.M. Bashina. – M.: Medicina, 2009. – 240 s.

Bazovij komponent doshkіl`noї osvіti: Naukovij kerіvnik: A. M. Bogush, dіjsnij chlen NAPN Ukraїni, prof, d-r ped. nauk; Avt. kol-v: Bogush A. M., Bєlєn`ka G. V., Bogіnіch O. L., Gavrish N. V., Dolinna O. P., Іl`chenko T. S., Kovalenko O. V., Lisenko G. M., Mashovecz` M. A., Nizkovs`ka O. V., Panasyuk T. V., Pіrozhenko T. O., Ponіmans`ka T. І., Sіdєl`nіkova O. D., Shevchuk A. S., Yakimenko L. Yu. ― K.: Vidavnicztvo, 2012. – 26 s.

Bernshtejn N.A. Fiziologiya dvizhenij i aktivnost` / pod red. O. G. Gazenko ; izd. podgot. I. M. Fejgenberg ; N.A. Bernshtejn / M.:Nauka, 2010.–495 s.

Praktikum іz grupovoї psixokorekczії: pіdruchnik/ S.D. Maksimenko, O.O. Prokof’єva,O.V. Czar`kova, Ya.V. Cexmіster, O.V. Kochkurova. - Kiїv: Vidavnichij dіm «Slovo», 2015. – 752 s.

Tsarkova O., Prokofieva O. The study of emotional burnout among students of psychology and psychologists - professionals / O. Tsarkova, O. Prokofieva, O. Prokofieva. –Nauka і osvіta. - № 2- 3. - 2016. - S. 44-49.

Nikol`skaya O.S. Autizm: vozrastny`e osobennosti i psixologicheskaya pomoshh` / O.S. Nikol`skaya, E.R. Baenskaya, M.M. Libling.–M.: Poligraf servis, 2003.–232s.

Kipxard E`.J. Kak razvivaetsya vash rebenok? Tablicy sensomotornogo i social`nogo razvitiya: Ot 4 do 7.5 let / X.Zinnxuber; [per. s nem. E. Aralovoj]. –M.: Terevinf, 2009.- 160 s.

Czar`kova O. V. Fenomen psixologіchnogo vіdtorgnennya dopomogi u bat`kіv, yakі vixovuyut` dіtej z osoblivimi potrebami / O. V. Czar`kova // Naukovij vіsnik Mikolaїvs`kogo derzhavnogo unіversitetu іmenі V. O. Suxomlins`kogo. Serіya : Psixologіchnі nauki. - 2014. - Vip. 2.12. - S. 208-213. - Rezhim dostupu: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Nvmdups_2014_2_12_40.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright Notice

Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/