The article discusses the personal aspect of journalists’ professional self–esteem, which includes professionally important qualities (PIQ) or core personal competencies. We used the structure of professional self-appraisal that was proposed by a famous scientist Rean A.A. He pointed two main aspects of professional self–appraisal: the personal aspect and the operational–activity one.
The topic of journalists’ professional self–esteem is important, because journalists determine public views by their work. At the same time journalists’ professional work is determined by their core personal competencies and moral values. However, journalists’ PIQ have not studied yet, as we have revealed after analyzing a lot of scientific articles (there are only articles about journalists’ creativity or values, but not about professional self-appraisal especially based on A.A. Rean’s theory).
Thus, expert assessment of main journalists’ PIQ, previously selected from the corresponding professiograms and psychograms, was performed. The assessment was designed in the form of semantic differential, where every quality could be assessed from 1 up to 5. As experts, we invited scientists from the Institute of Journalism of National Taras Shevchenko University of Kyiv with their professional experience from 4 to 27 years.
The results were analyzed with different statistical methods including clustering. We identified two groups of PIQ, which, in fact, is the same two groups as were identified by Karpov: absolute and relative PIQ. The first group consists of properties that are necessary to perform activities at the normative level (the basic PIQ for a particular type of activity). The second group, or relative PIQ, allows achieving outstanding results in the professional work. Thereby, according to the performed expert assessment, the following journalists’ qualities were included into the group of absolute PIQ: moral qualities, objectivity, ability to work with sources, critical thinking, efficiency, professional knowledge, philological skills and etc. Also, the following qualities are the relative PIQ: ingenuity, adaptability, correctness, activity, good attention, leadership qualities, good memory, stress resistance and etc.
Karpov A.V. (2003) Poniatie professionalno vazhnykh kachestv deiatelnosti [The concept of professionally important qualities of activity]. Psikhologiia truda. [Labor Psychology]. M.: Vlados-Press. [in Russian].
Kulezneva I.N. (2008). Dinamika razvitiia professionalnoi identichnosti studentov srednego spetsialnogo uchebnogo zavedeniia [Dynamics of development of professional identity of students of secondary specialized educational institutions] Pedagogika – Pedagogy, № 2 (55). – pp. 32–38 [in Russian].
Odintsova V. M., Dibrova L. V. (2013). Profesiina samootsinka yak element struktury profesiinoi "Ia-kontseptsii" [Professional self-assessment as an element of the structure of the professional "I-concept"] Naukovyi visnyk Khersonskoho derzhavnoho universytetu. Ser.: Psykholohichni nauky - Scientific Bulletin of the Kherson State University. Ser: Psychological Sciences. Vyp. 1. - pp. 78-82 [in Ukrainian].
Povarenkov Iu. P. (2014). Psikhologicheskaia kharakteristika professionalnoi identichnosti subieekta truda [Psychological characteristics of the professional identity of the subject of labor]. Vestnik Kostromskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriia: Pedagogika. Psikhologiia. Sotsiokinetika – Bulletin of the Kostroma State University. Series: Pedagogy. Psychology. Sociokinetics, №3. pp. 9-16 [in Russian].
Povarenkov Iu. P. (1999). Formirovanie professionalnoi identichnosti (na materiale deiatelnosti uchitelia) [Formation of professional identity (on the material of the teacher’s activity)]. Iaroslavskii pedagogicheskii vestnik – Yaroslavl Pedagogical Gazette, №1-2. – pp. 79-85 [in Russian].
Potapchuk L.V. (2013). Psikhologіchnii analіz tsіnnіsnikh iakostei osobistostі maibutnіkh zhurnalіstіv [Psychological analysis of the value characteristics of the personality of future journalists]. Aktualnі problemi psikhologії. – Current problems of psychology, Vol. 10. – №23. – S. 518-527 [in Ukrainian].
Rean A.A. (2014). Psikhologiia lichnosti. Sotsializatsiia, povedenie, obshchenie [Psychology of personality. Socialization, behavior, communication]. SPb.: Praim – Evroznak. [in Russian].
Rikel A.M. (2011). Professionalnaia Ia-kontseptsiia i professionalnaia identichnost v strukture samosoznaniia lichnosti. Chast 2 [Professional self-concept and professional identity in the structure of self-identity. Part 2]. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniia: elektron. nauch. zhurn. –Psychological Studies: Electron. scientific journals. N 3(17). URL: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/num/2011n2-16/457-rikel16.html (дата звернення: 23.05.2019) [in Russian].
Taraskina T.V. (2005). Professionalnoe samosoznanie kak osnova professionalizma prakticheskogo psikhologa [Professional self-consciousness as the basis of the professionalism of a practical psychologist] PhD`s thesis. Moskva. [in Russian].
Shibutani, T. (2003). Ia-kontseptsiia i chuvstvo sobstvennogo dostoinstva. Samosoznanie i zashchitnye mekhanizmy lichnosti [I-concept and self-esteem. Self-awareness and protective mechanisms of personality]. Samara: «Bakhrakh». [in Russian].
Iqbal, H. M., Bibi, F., Gul, A. (2016). Adaptation and Validation of Aricak's Professional Self-Esteem Scale for Use in the Pakistani Context. Online Submission, The European Journal of Social and Behavioural Sciences, v16, p.2055-2066 [in English].
Khezerlou, E. (2017). Professional self-esteem as a predictor of teacher burnout across Iranian and Turkish EFL teachers. Iranian Journal of Language Teaching Research, v5, n1; p.113-130 [in English].
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/