FAMILY’S ROLE IN THE FORMATION OF THE DEVIANT BEHAVIOR OF A CHILD
Kateryna Muranenko
National Academy of Internal Affairs
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6032-243X
PDF 42-54 (Українська)

Keywords

deviant behavior
family
child-parenting relationships
family education style
child personality

How to Cite

Muranenko, K. (2019) “FAMILY’S ROLE IN THE FORMATION OF THE DEVIANT BEHAVIOR OF A CHILD”, PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 5(3), pp. 42-54. doi: 10.31108/1.2019.3.23.3.

Abstract

The article presents the analysis of family’s role in child deviant behavior formation. The author describes the main functions of the family: reproductive, which consists in birth of children, the continuation of the genus; educational – the transfer of values, norms and rules of society, which influence on the formation of the personality of the child; economic-household (or economic), which is to provide all the material goods necessary for existence, to organize the food, to make improvements to the dwelling, to form and spend the family budget, etc.; recreational – the function of leisure organization, the formation of the culture of each member of the family; he function of social control – lies in the responsibility of the family for the behavior of its members in society in accordance with social norms and values; regenerative (or socio-status), which is related to the imposition of status, name, property, social status; psychotherapeutic function or function of emotional support aimed at psychological protection of every member of the family, his emotional stabilization; the function of sexual regulation, through which the society regulates the natural sexual needs of people, arranged in the form of marital relationships.There are individual, pedagogical, psychological and social deviant behavior factors. These factors are connected with family functions. Social factor of deviant behavior reflects in disruption of household family function. Pedagogical deviant behavior factor manifests it self in problems of educational, recreational, social control family functions. Psychotherapeutic family function must provide psychological comfort for every family member. Failure to fulfill this function is manifested in psychological deviant behavior factor. The failure of some functions in a family and education in dysfunctional family is a base of deviant behavior. The connection between family education and deviant behavior is confirmed by scientific researches. The failure of family structure is one of the main factors of predisposition to child’s deviant behavior. The author says that emotional contact between child and parents, parents’ attention and love to children, spending free time in a common kinds of activities are important for child’s personality development. The article also presents family as socialization institute in which child assimilates social norms, values, behavioral rules. It shows the results of questioning of schoolchildren and analysis of some aspects of modern family relationships. In conclusion, family can help child in adaptation and self-realization in society. At the same time family can create conditions for deviant behavior because of communication problems, less of psychological contact and absence of conditions of harmony development and education. So the system of child deviation prevention must pay attention not only to law, social and pedagogical aspects but to work with families. It is necessary to form conscious parenting of youth,  to increasing of parents’ psychological culture level, giving to parents information about children education, family conflicts prevention etc.

 

PDF 42-54 (Українська)

References

Бондарчук О. І. Психологія сім’ї: Курс лекцій. К.: МАУП, 2001. 96 с.

Літвінова О. В. Проблема збереження сімейних цінностей в умовах трансформаційних змін // Теоретичні і прикладні проблеми психології, 2013. №2 (31). С. 150-158.

Міннегалієв М. М. Роль сімейного виховання в профілактиці девіантної поведінки підлітків // Вісник ТГУ. 2012. №7. С. 213-218.

Психологія сім’ї: навч. посіб. / Л.В. Помяткіна, В.В. Злагодух, Н.С. Хімченко, Н.І. Погорільська. К.: вид-во Нац. авіац. ут-ту «НАУ-друк», 2010. 270 с.

Приділяти увагу дітям – найкраще батьківство [Електронний ресурс] – Режим доступу: http://www.unicef.org/ukraine/ukr/media_16581.html

Чайковська О. М. Складові системи чинників девіантної поведінки підлітків // Проблеми сучасної психології. Вип. 28. Камянець-Подільський: Аксіома, 2015. С. 627-637.

Шенкевич О. М. Девіантна поведінка як результат сімейного неблагополуччя // Наукові праці: Педагогічні науки. Т. 46. Вип. 33. С.109-111.

References (Transliteration):

Bondarchuk O. I. (2001) Psykhologia sim’I [Family psychology] Kyiv: MAUP. [in Ukrainian]

Litvinova O. V. (2013) Problema zberezhennya simejnykh zinnostej v umovah transformazijnyh zmin [The problem of family values preservation in transformation changes conditions] Teoretychni ta prykladni problemy psychologii. №2(31). P.150-158. [in Ukrainian]

Minnegaliev M. M. (2012) Rol’ simejnogo vyhovannya u profilactyzi deviantnoi povedinky pidlitkiv [Family education role in teenagers deviant behavior prevention]. Visnyk TGU. №7. P. 213-218. [in Ukrainian]

Pomyatkina L. V. (2010) Psykhologia sim’I [Family psychology] Kyiv: NAU-druk.[in Ukrainian]

Prydilyaty uvagy dityam – najkrashe bat’kivstvo [Attention to children is the best parenting]. Retrieved from http://www.unicef.org/ukraine/ukr/media_16581.html

Chaikovska O. M. (2015) Skladovi systemy chynnykiv deviantnoi povedinky pidlitkiv [Constituents of teenagers deviant behavior factors prevention]Problemysychasnoipsychologii. №28. Kamyanets-Podilskij: Aksioma. P.627-637. [in Ukrainian]

Shenkevych O. M. Deviantna povedinka yak rezultat simejnogo neblagopoluchchya [ Deviant behavior as a result of family trouble] Naukovi prazi: Pedagogichni nauky, T.46, №33. Р. 109-111. [in Ukrainian]

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright Notice

Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/