HUMANISTIC PARADIGM OF UKRAINIAN PSYCHOLOGY
Andrii Maslyuk
National School of Judges of Ukraine
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0530-9969
PDF 169-182 (Українська)

Keywords

humanistic paradigm
personality
psyche
psychology of the Ukrainian diaspora

How to Cite

Maslyuk, A. (2018) “HUMANISTIC PARADIGM OF UKRAINIAN PSYCHOLOGY”, PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 9(19), pp. 169-181. doi: 10.31108/1.2018.9.19.12.

Abstract

The article analyzes the formation of the humanistic paradigm of ukrainian psychology. It was found that the birth of ukrainian professional psychology began in the XVII century in the Kiev-Mohyla Collegium: I. Gizel created the first full course of psychology and, thus, contributed to the emergence of professional psychology in Ukraine; F. Prokopovich developed a detailed classification of emotions, and G. Konisky the first national age periodization of personality development.

The humanistic paradigm continued its formation in the XX century in the works of scientists of the ukrainian diaspora: the formation of the psyche of the ukrainian people; personal development and education; psychological portraits of T. Shevchenko, A. Sheptytsky and other prominent ukrainians, through the prism of psychoanalysis; fundamentals of ethnic psychology, principles of psychotherapy and hypnotherapy, etc.

It was clarified that the concept of “Ukrainian personalism” by A. Kulchitsky is a continuation of the first psychological attempt to analyze the psyche of the ukrainian people by Y. Yarema, which includes the following factors that shaped the psyche of the ukrainian people: racial, geographical, historical, sociopsychical, cultural morphic, and deep-psychological factor. The social life of ukrainians is between two poles: egocentrism and universal values. Depending on the priorities of a particular person, its social activity or passivity is manifested. It is precisely the freedom-loving individualism that lies at the heart of ukrainian humanism, which turns out to be in religious and national tolerance towards other peoples, and disapproval of violence in various manifestations. The advantage in the psyche of ukrainian, universal compassion, lack of external activity, self-deepening, idealism, asceticism, mysticism did not contribute to the active struggle of the Ukrainian people for independence.

The influence of culture and nature on the psyche of the ukrainian people formed the ukrainian individuality. Contemplation of typical, monotonous types of steppe intensified the development of the internal life of ukrainians with an emphasis on concentration. So, we have a concept that gives an understanding of the psychology of the ukrainian people as a whole and of an individual within the humanist paradigm in particular.

 

PDF 169-182 (Українська)

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