THE INFLUENCE OF THE FAMILY ATTITUDE TYPE ON FORMATION VIOLENT OR VICTIM BEHAVIOR OF THE CHILD
Oksana Voronkevych
Ternopil Volodymyr Hnatyuk National Pedagogical University
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1510-1723
PDF 109-122 (Українська)

Keywords

aggressive behavior
aggressiveness
parental attitude
victim behavior
self-esteem
harassment

How to Cite

Voronkevych, O. (2018). THE INFLUENCE OF THE FAMILY ATTITUDE TYPE ON FORMATION VIOLENT OR VICTIM BEHAVIOR OF THE CHILD. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 4(9), 109-122. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2018.9.19.8

Abstract

The article actualizes the problem of the influence of the type of parental attitude on formation of a violent or victim behavior of the child. The theoretical approaches to this problem by the scientists of the Renaissance period, representatives of psychoanalysis, neofreudianism, behaviorism are analyzed.

Particular attention is paid to the model of family relationships of J. Patterson, which explains the relationship between the type of parental attitude and the aggressiveness of the child. Using of ineffective methods for regulating the child's behavior, such as incongruity and inconsistency in the choice of punishment for the same behavioral disorder, prepares the ground for the child's force tactics assimilation for defending his interests.

In the research context, the typology of families and the main problems of children associated with increased aggressiveness are indicated: single-parent families (children can show emotional abuse against peers); emotionally unstable families (the anxiety atmosphere of the family forces the child to defend himself, behave aggressively); authoritarian families (children in these families feel depressed, and the school becomes a place for them where they can "throw out" accumulated anger and fear for children and teachers); destructive families (frequent quarrels, rough abuse, aggressive self-affirmation in the child’s presence become a model for imitation); families with predisposition to violence (children have a different genetic basis for responding to stressful situations; individuals with low tolerance to stress are more prone to violence).

Relying on the her own research results, author emphasizes the links between the parenting attitude types "Little loser" and direct physical aggressive behavior, self-esteem, "Acceptance-rejection" and indirect verbal aggressive behavior, direct physical aggressive behavior, indirect physical aggressive behavior, self-esteem. Potential offenders are brought up by parents who ignore their abilities, interests, thoughts, feelings, and because of this the child experiences constant emotional discomfort.

Among the types of parental unconstructive attitude include: abilities underestimation and the child’s intelligence level; parents desire to symbiotic relationships with the child; extortion of unconditional humility and discipline from the child; child’s perception a younger, compared with the real age.

 

PDF 109-122 (Українська)

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