psychological journal, психологічний журнал, психологический журнал, психология, psychology, science, review, наукова публікація, научная публикация, статья
Oksana Chekstere
H.S. Kostyuk Institute of Psychology of the National Academy of Educational Sciences of Ukraine
PDF 114-119 (Українська)


decentralization, preschoolers, egocentrism, children, role play, computer games

How to Cite

Chekstere, O. (2015). FEATURES OF BEHAVIOR AND RELATIONSHIPS OF CHILDREN’S IN MODERN SOCIETY. PSYCHOLOGICAL JOURNAL, 1(2), 114-119. https://doi.org/10.31108/1.2015.2.2.16



The article (based on empirical data) analyzed the effect of computer games on the behavior and attitudes of children 5-7 years old. The possible causes of disturbance of decentration in a computer-gaming activities for children.

Development decentration depends on the maturation of the individual biological structures (Zh.Piazhe) as well as  the external environmental conditions. If physiological laws still remain more or less constant, the external conditions have changed dramatically. And the biggest changes has undergone the environment in which the child develops.

          Modern multi-computer games can change the child's idea of himself and about world. And when children in preschool or early school years are involved in the virtual world  the computer games they replacing traditional role-playing games. Role play is by environment where child acquired skills of interaction with others, where it receives verbal and nonverbal feedback for  to harmonize their views on the opinion of other gamers. Without this  there is no, or slows down the process of decentration, so necessary for full communion child.

          Thus, we can draw the following conclusions:

  • tactics family education, educational leadership style, interpersonal relationships children significantly affect the character of the development of the personality individual and determine its egocentrism or decentration;
  • decentration most actively growing in the childish plot-role-playing game;
  • detention of decentration in preschool children not only leads to conflicts with peers and adults, but also adversely affects the process of formation of the child, establishes the same character traits as dominance, callousness, selfishness.
PDF 114-119 (Українська)


Обухова Л.Ф. Концепция Жана Пиаже: за и против/ Л.Ф. Обухова. – М.: Изд-во МГУ, 1981. – 191 с.

Пиаже Ж. Речь и мышление ребенка/ Жан Пиаже; [пер. с франц. И англ., сост., комм., ред. Перевода Вал.А. Лукова, Вл.А, Лукова] – М., Педагогика — Пресс, 1994. – 528 с. – (Серия: «Психология: классические труды»).

Флейвелл Джон Х. Генетическая психология Жана Пиаже/ Джон Х. Флейвелл; [пер. с англий. М. Лисина и Л. Обухова; послесл. П.Я. Гальперина и Д.Б. Эльконина] - М.: Просвещение, 1967. - 623 с.

Основы психодиагностики. / Под ред. А.Г.Шмелева. Учебное пособие для cтудентов педвузов. — Москва, Ростов-на-Дону: «Феникс», 1996. — 544 с.

Эльконин Д.Б. Избранные психологические труды. – М.: Педагогика, 1989. – 534 с.

Чекстере О. Ю. Психологічні особливості децентрації дітей, залежних від комп’ютерно-ігрової діяльності / О. Ю. Чекстере // Дис. канд. психол. наук. Київ, 2012. – 303 с.

References (Transliteration):

Obuhova L.F. Kontseptsiya Zhana Piazhe: za i protiv/ L.F. Obuhova. – M.: Izd-vo MGU, 1981. – 191 s.

Piazhe Zh. Rech i myishlenie rebenka/ Zhan Piazhe; [per. s frants. I angl., sost., komm., red. Perevoda Val.A. Lukova, Vl.A, Lukova] – M., Pedagogika — Press, 1994. – 528 s. – (Seriya: «Psihologiya: klassicheskie trudyi»).

Fleyvell Dzhon H. Geneticheskaya psihologiya Zhana Piazhe/ Dzhon H. Fleyvell; [per. s angliy. M. Lisina i L. Obuhova; poslesl. P.Ya. Galperina i D.B. Elkonina] - M.: Prosveschenie, 1967. - 623 s.

Osnovyi psihodiagnostiki. / Pod red. A.G.Shmeleva. Uchebnoe posobie dlya ctudentov pedvuzov. — Moskva, Rostov-na-Donu: «Feniks», 1996. — 544 s.

Elkonin D.B. Izbrannyie psihologicheskie trudyi. – M.: Pedagogika, 1989. – 534 s.

Chekstere O. Yu. PsihologIchnI osoblivostI detsentratsIYi dItey, zalezhnih vId komp’yuterno-IgrovoYi dIyalnostI / O. Yu. Chekstere // Dis. kand. psihol. nauk. KiYiv, 2012. – 303 s.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Copyright Notice

Articles in the Psychological Journal are licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License International CC-BY that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal. For more detailed information, please, fallow the link - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/